What about Fine and Gross Motor Development in Children?

What about Fine and Gross Motor Development in Children?

What are gross motor skills?

Rough We can explain motor skills as the functionality that occurs in the large muscles that provide the trunk, arm and leg movements of the baby’s body. In other words, your child;

Being able to hold his head up,

Do not turn,

Don’t sit,


Walk, (You may need it in this process: Everything You Wonder About The Walker With All Its Types)


Being balanced,

The ability to control your body thanks to gross motor development occurs.

The gross motor development of children starts from the head by holding it upright and continues towards the feet. This order usually does not change, but the time it takes to occur may differ from child to child.

The motor skills of the newborn baby are very limited. Many movements are not voluntary but reflexive. This is because their muscles have not yet developed and the central nervous system cannot yet maintain muscle control.

“How old do babies sit?”, “When do babies walk?” We know there are many problems like.

Gross motor skills Age Head control 2-3 months Prone-back turning 4-6.5 months Unsupported sitting 6-9 months Unsupported walking 10-18 months Climbing stairs (holding on to) 20-26 months Jumping on one leg 3.5-4.5 years

What are fine motor skills?

The fine motor skills of the child’s hands and fingers It occurs with the ability to work his muscles. We can examine these skills under 3 headings.

Grasping by hand

In the newborn period of the baby, he can instinctively grasp some objects with his hands, but he cannot consciously hold objects until the 4th month. In the first months, you can see the movements of grabbing, reaching out and bringing it to his mouth.

Your child’s fine motor skills begin to develop as he begins to crawl. Thus, he approaches the objects consciously and starts to hold them in a controlled manner over time.

Grasping with fingers

As the thin muscles in your baby’s hands begin to develop and their experience in this issue begins to increase, their fingers will be better. starts to use.

You can also evaluate the skills you will see in the future, such as holding a pencil and turning a book page.

Hand-eye coordination

Hand-eye coordination usually starts with the 4th month of the baby. After this process, the baby can follow the moving objects with his eyes and try to hold or grab them by pointing to where they are.

You can get information about the fine motor development of your child from the table below.

Fine motor skills Age Joining hands in the midline 3-4 months Reaching out on an object 4-6 months Joining thumb and index fingers, catching objects with these fingers 9 -12 months Paper doodle 18-24 months Drawing vertical lines 2-3 years

Here are the things you need to pay attention to: 7 Factors Affecting the Growth and Development of Babies

Age of your child fine and gross motor development

0-3 months baby motor development

Gross motor skills:

May turn her head on her back or lying face down.When he is placed in a sitting position, his head stays behind until his body straightens. When there is a situation that prevents the movement of the foot, it tries to overcome the obstacle by moving faster. He can bend his arms and legs more easily. He can put his hands together in the middle. He can kick it with his legs. While lying prone, he can lift his head and hips with support from his forearms.

This article will support the gross motor development of the baby: Babies Stronger: Tummy Time

Fine motor skills:

Fans of fingers and toes it can open like. He can grasp the extended finger with his hand.

4-6 months baby motor development

Gross motor skills:

Lying on his back raises his head to look at his feet. He can sit with support in the cradle or stroller. When standing on a firm surface, he can step on the ground and jump. He can turn face down while lying on his back. He can hold his legs up vertically. He can turn his head from side to side to look around.He moves his legs very well and kicks quickly. It can raise the head and chest very well in the prone position.

Fine motor skills:

Can grasp the raised feet with their hands while lying down. Towards the sixth month it begins to reach for objects consciously. Grasping movements are more meaningful.

The best way to get along with your baby: Baby Job A Way of Communication: Baby Sign Language

7-9 months baby motor development

Gross motor skills:

10-15 minutes single can sit without support. He can consciously bend over to pick up the object in front of him. It can move your whole body effectively. It can roll on the ground, and can rotate its body easily. He tries to crawl. He can stand up by pulling himself up and holding on to a support. But he can’t sit back.

Fine motor skills:

Can point to objects with her fingers. Can grasp objects with thumb and index finger.

9-12 months infant motor development

Gross motor skills:

Can sit on the ground for a long time.He crawls on his hands and knees. He can stand up and sit back while holding onto a support. He can walk holding on to. He can walk alone for a few minutes without support.

Fine motor skills:

Improved in grasping objects with fingertips. He can consciously play with toys. It can hold spoons and forks, can feed itself.

12-18 months baby motor development

Gross motor skills:

Safe and correct long walks. It does not need to open its arms to maintain balance. He can run for a while. But when it comes to an obstacle, it cannot get over it. He can push and pull boxes or toys. When held by his hands, he can go up and down the stairs. He can climb up on chairs and sit by turning.

Fine motor skills:

Can carry more than one object by grasping with his fingers. He often touches his fingers to recognize objects. It can turn the book pages back and forth on its own. He can easily grasp wooden cubes with his hand and make a tower.He can easily crouch down to grab an object from the ground and stand up again without using his hands. It can climb over heights like furniture and descend without assistance. It can stand on your toes. He can go up and down the stairs on his own by holding on to the railing, but he steps on each step with two feet to maintain his balance. He can hit the ball in front of him but often misses the target.

Fine motor skills:

Can replace the objects it takes in the same way. It can easily open the packaging papers of small candies. He holds the pencil with his whole hand and can scribble. He likes to turn the pages of books.

3-year-old motor development

Gross motor skills:

By changing feet can climb and descend the stairs. He can skillfully climb the tools on the playground. It can overcome obstacles and turn corners while running. He can stand on his toes and walk. It can stand on one leg for a while.He can sit by putting his ankles on top of each other.

Fine motor skills:

Can string thick beads on a thread. He begins to hold the pen with his thumb and index finger. Can use scissors. Understands puzzle logic and can connect pieces using their fingers.

4 year old motor development

Gross motor skills:

You can run up and down stairs. Gross motor skills are well developed, he can direct his body as he wishes. Can use the 3 wheel bike beautifully. He can pick up objects by leaning forward without bending his knees. It has gradually developed in subjects such as throwing, catching, hitting.

Fine motor skills:

Can easily handle small objects. He can touch the tip of his thumb on each finger. It can hold the pen like an adult. Stickman can draw figures like home. Can paint.

5-year-old motor development

Gross motor skills:

Can walk easily on a fine line.He can jump by changing his feet. He can dance by keeping up with the music playing. He can bend down and touch his feet without bending his knees. He can play games with rules.

Will play with pleasure: Age 5 Games for Children who are always bored with the Same Game

Fine motor skills:

Large eyes can thread through needles. It can easily handle objects such as pens and brushes. He can easily write a few letters. He can paint pictures without overflowing.

Motor development at age 6

The gross and fine motor development of the 6-year-old child is almost as developed as an adult. Now whatever you do, your 6-year-old can do it. With the start of school, all the missing skills in terms of motor development will be completed.

How can you support your child’s motor development?

Children’s motor development is based on the proper development of neuromuscular structure and environmental factors that support this development. In other words, it is not right to wait for the development of the nerve-muscle structure alone and not to support this structure.

Holding an object may not be very important to you, but it is important for its development. So you have to encourage him to repeat these moves. You shouldn’t be afraid of your child just in case he gets hurt. For example, failing to take him down because he might fall may delay him from walking. You don’t have to worry after taking the necessary precautions in your home to avoid damage.

Buy educational toys for your child to use their newly acquired skills. Educational toys are especially important for fine motor development.

Find out what to choose: A to Z Educational Toy Selection Guide

Learn games that support both gross and fine motor development of your child. You can contribute to your development by playing these games regularly with him.

This article is for you: Grow with Fun: Preschool Educational Games


Child Health and Care in the First 2 Years of Life-Prof. Dr. Gülbin Gökçay

The First 6 Years of Your Child- Prof. Dr. Haluk Yavuzer


Written by Lady Byron


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