Let’s find out first: What is amniotic fluid?
Amniotic fluid is contained in the amniotic sac formed during pregnancy and ensures that the baby remains healthy in the womb. This fluid;
It has functions such as protecting the baby from external factors and infections, providing a constant temperature, creating a suitable environment for comfortable movement, ensuring the development of the lung, musculoskeletal and digestive system. It is also known as amniotic fluid and amniotic fluid.
Content and properties of amniotic fluid
Its color is generally clear. It has a temperature of 37 degrees. It consists of 99% water, the remaining 1% inorganic salts, organic substances, proteins, hairs and tissue cells shed from the baby. The baby’s urine may be added to this content from time to time. There is no problem for the baby to swallow this liquid. It may be around 20 ml at the beginning of pregnancy, the right rate to birth can reach 1 liter.
1- What is Oligohydramnios (reduction of amniotic fluid)?
Insufficient amniotic fluid is called oligohydramnios.
If the reduction rate is not too high, you may have a smooth pregnancy, but if the amount is drastically reduced, there may be some problems.
Why amniotic fluid decreases?
The presence of kidney problems in the baby, low blood rate in the placenta, hypertension, the presence of a tear in the placenta (Nothing close to the baby in the mother’s womb: Everything About the Placenta in 10 Items), Problems such as decrease in liquid ratio and high sugar trigger oligohydramnios.
You can learn more here: What Causes Lack of Water During Pregnancy? How to Prevent it
What are the symptoms of oligohydramnios?
Usually there are no visible symptoms. The presence of this condition is detected in ultrasound measurements. If it is seen that the amniotic fluid is less than 500 ml in regular controls, it can be said that the baby’s water decreases.
In some cases, the decrease in your baby’s movements and a decrease in heart rate can be a sign that the amniotic fluid is decreasing.
Does the decrease in water during pregnancy harm the baby?
In cases where amniotic fluid is greatly reduced, the baby’s;
Umbilical cord compression (What are the Umbilical Cord Problems in Pregnancy?), Developmental delay, It may encounter problems such as kidney problems, urinary tract disorders.
If the cause of oligohydramnios is high blood pressure or gestational diabetes, a treatment method can be applied to keep them under control.
If the decrease in amniotic water reaches a level that threatens the baby, the doctor can start a treatment called amnioinfusion that will increase the fluid level.
Are there foods that increase the amniotic fluid?
Increase or decrease of this fluid has nothing to do with nutrition! That’s why we recommend that you only follow the recommendations of your doctor and not take the nutritional advice you hear around seriously.
Contact healthy nutritionists and dieticians during pregnancy to have the right diet during this period!
2- What is polyhydramnios (increased amniotic fluid)?
Polyhydramnios, also known as excess water during pregnancy, is the case of amniotic fluid more than 1000 ml. This problem is mostly of short duration and can resolve on its own without treatment. This problem can be seen in 3 out of 100 pregnant women.
What are the symptoms of polyhydramnios?
Too much water in your baby usually does not appear with any symptoms, it is noticed in ultrasound controls. However, some expectant mothers may experience the following problems, albeit rarely:
Inability to feel the movements of the baby, Abdominal discomfort, Breathing difficulties, Indigestion.
If the amniotic fluid is thought to be high, the doctor can try 2 measurement methods to confirm.
One of them is amniotic fluid index (ASI). The depth of the fluid in four different corners of the uterus is taken and these proportions are added. If it is over 25 cm, it is polyhydramnios.
The other is to measure the depth of the largest visible area of the uterus. The normal range in this measurement is 2-8 cm. If there is a higher result, polyhydramnios can be considered.
Is excessive water in the baby harmful during pregnancy?
You are polyhydramnios;
The baby is not in the most suitable position for birth, Cord sagging, Severe after birth bleeding (How Much is Normal, How Much is Abnormal: Postpartum Bleeding), there is a risk of causing problems such as stillbirth.Because it is necessary to find out exactly why the problem is caused.
Here’s the detail: What is Amniocentesis, When and For Whom?
The doctor may suggest that you use a medication that reduces the amount of urine in your baby. However, you can only use these drugs until the 31st week of your pregnancy. Because after these weeks there is a risk that its use will cause heart problems.
If the fluid increase is moderate, you do not need to worry, with regular check-ups and follow-up, your pregnancy will be without trouble.
3- What is anhydramnios (running out of water during pregnancy)?
Anhydramnios is the case when there is no amniotic fluid in the baby. It is easily revealed on ultrasound and has no other serious symptoms. When the liquid ratio falls below 30 mm, anhydramnios can be mentioned.
The reasons are the same as oligohydramnios. In such a situation, the development and movement of the baby’s lungs is very little.
When this happens in the first weeks of pregnancy, usually not very positive results occur.
Of course, nothing can be said for this, but it should be known that there will be a problem such as stillbirth. Apart from these, situations such as the death of the baby shortly after birth and being born with respiratory problems can be seen.
In the event that amniotic fluid runs out, there is usually not much to do. Your doctor will follow you by the week of your pregnancy, and if you are in the first weeks, you will probably have an abortion due to death in the womb.
4- What is chorioamnionitis (inflammation in the amniotic fluid)?
The membranes surrounding the amniotic fluid of the baby Infection due to bacterial causes is called chorioamnionitis.
What are the causes of chorioamnionitis?
Early opening of the water sac and the presence of bacteria from here, Multiple vaginal examinations, Amniocentesis, Pregnancy at a young age, Contamination of amniotic fluid, Poor lifestyle causes chorioamnionitis happens.
What are the symptoms of chorioamnionitis?
There are no clear signs or tests of inflammation in the amniotic fluid.
You will need: Which Pains Are Dangerous During Pregnancy, Which Are Not?
What are the risks of chorioamnionitis?
Amniotic fluid is swallowed by babies. If this situation is not treated in a short time;
Problems such as spreading of the infection to all organs of the baby, lack of oxygen in the baby, especially infection of the uterus, cerebral palsy (cerebral palsy), meningitis may occur.
How is the treatment of chorioamnionitis done?
If your doctor diagnosed with chorioamnionitis, he or she will start an antibiotic treatment that will destroy bacteria. Even if you have had chorioamnionitis, it is okay to give birth normally. However, in some cases, a cesarean can be applied because the bacteria will prevent the uterus from contracting.
When to Caesarean Section in 14th Item?
However, if the infection is very advanced and the baby is about to die in the mother’s womb, the pregnancy is terminated in order not to cause intoxication.
5- What is amniotic band syndrome?
Amniotic band syndrome is a very rare problem with distressing consequences.
If such a situation occurs, edema, swelling or growth retardation is seen in the areas where the piece is entangled. Sometimes babies are born with missing fingers or a hand that has not completed its development.
What are the causes of amniotic band syndrome?
The reason for this problem is not known exactly. But there are several situations that are thought to affect band formation. Among these;
There are situations such as the mother’s having very febrile diseases during pregnancy, performing surgery while the baby is in the mother’s womb, using some heavy drugs that may harm the baby while the mother is pregnant.
How is the treatment of amniotic band syndrome?
If the health of the expectant mother and the baby allows, the doctor may apply surgical intervention to cut this band. In this case, the baby will be born without any problems.
However, if the band is too thick, no intervention can be made and pregnancy can be terminated if it has reached a level that will affect the life of the baby.
6- Amniotic fluid is cloudy
The color of the amniotic fluid is usually clear. If the color becomes cloudy or turns green, it is thought to be making the baby’s stool, which means that the feeding of the baby in the womb is disturbed.
Since it will cause serious health problems for the mother and baby, delivery is started immediately.
Find out what will happen: Your Baby’s Journey Has Begun: The Arrival of Water During Pregnancy
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